A lot of evidence and arguments dispute the claim that mass circumcision is an appropriate response to Africa’s HIV/AIDS epidemics (follow links for more details and resources):
1. First, the programs are a shot in the dark. They are based on the common but dubious assertion that sex accounts for most HIV infections in Africa. If that’s not so, then circumcising millions of men is unlikely to have a big impact on Africa’s epidemics. There is already a lot of evidence that skin-piercing procedures may be a bigger risk than sex for many if not most adults (see other pages in this website, including: sex vs. unsterile instruments in Africa; Cases & Investigations; and data linking HIV to injections).
The evidence and arguments considered in this site focus on interactions between circumcision and HIV infection. This is a narrow approach to a complex issue. Aside from HIV, many other factors are involved in a man’s or family’s decision to circumcise or not. These include other real or supposed health risks and benefits, sexual satisfaction and performance, community practices, and religious beliefs.